The Brig Pilgrim
The Brig Pilgrim is anchored in Dana Point Harbour, Southern California, in the United States. It was built in 1945 to replicate the 19th Century tall ship, a three masted schooner. The Brig Pilgrim is open to the public most Sundays. In the 1830's the original Brig Pilgrim sailed from Boston to the west coast of the United States. The new brig was built in 1945 and about thirty years ago, a group of historical enthusiaststs set about to restore it to the same configuration as the original Brig Pilgrim.
When going down the stairs in a tall ship, it is a lot safer to go down backwards. If people wanted to go from California to Boston in the 19th Century, you would sail on a tall ship like the Brig Pilgrim. You would get a wooden bunk to sleep in but you would have to clamber over a bunch of cargo to get to it. "Before the mast" meant that you were a worker and had an uncomfortable bunk allocated to you. If you were "after the mast" then you had a much nicer life. If you had money you would get a stateroom to sleep in. A stateroom would have a couple of bunks but that would have been about it. And you would get a clear passageway to your stateroom without having to clamber over a whole heap of cargo. People would pay for privacy and space.
The forecastle is the very bow of the ship where the crew would sleep. The crew would hot-bunk and share bunks when they changed watches every four hours. The bow would move up and down a lot and the crew would get thrown around a lot in rough seas. The captain and officers were bunked at the aft end of the ship and had a much smoother ride.
Model Boat Building
16th Century Ships
17th Century Ships
18th Century Ships
ship of the line